Andonites’ loyalties were limited to the inmmediate clan.  The clans were blood-tie groups within the tribe, and they owed their existence to certain common interests, such as:  The clans served a valuable purpose in local self-government, but they greatly delayed the growth of large and strong nations.  During later times many clans grew out of trades and other industrial associations.  Many primitive clans were virtually exterminated by the practice of both abortion and infanticide.  The old idea of friendship meant adoption into the clan.  The clan peace chiefs usually ruled through the mother line; the tribal war chiefs established the father line.  In spite of their belief in spirits, primitive Australians still focus their religion upon the clan. 
During feudalism of the European Middle Ages the territorial state collapsed, and there was a reversion to the small castle groups, the reappearance of the clan and tribal stages of development.  Primitive man fortified his houses, and the clans solidified by mutual fear and by the inculcation of hate for foreign groups.  The larger territorial states had a long and bitter struggle with the smaller consanguineous clan groups. 
See also: UB 70:4.