Emperor of Rome during a part of the life of Jesus and co-emperor with Tiberius Caesar; he died in AD 14.  Decreed a census in 8 B.C.  Founded Nicopolis.  A temple was dedicated to him at Caesarea.  Tried to destroy mysteries and revive the oldest political religion.  Created a new Roman state religion and proclaiming himself god, did not hesitate to encourage the worship of his person.