Herod the Idumean built the harbor of Caesarea, which further aided in making Palestine the crossroads of the civilized world.  It was the Roman capital of Judea. 
Jesus stopped at Caesarea on his way to Rome for a few days, helping to repair one of the ship's oars and meeting and influencing several people, especially Anaxandus, a leading member of the later Christian church.  Caesarea was the home of Nathan, author of Gospel of John.  Paul was imprisoned at Caesarea.  There were slaughtered 20,000 Jews. 
See also: UB 128:3.2; UB 130:0.2; UB 134:7.4; UB 140:7.2; UB 152:7.3.