The lower five or six miles of the earth’s atmosphere is the troposphere; this is the region of winds and air currents which provide weather phenomena.  Changes in climate have caused changes in civilization:
Chief factors causing fluctuations are land elevation, cosmic clouds, and oceans.  Climate is a decisive factor in early civilization.  The Permian period was characterized by its harsh continental climate. 
Jesus in a parable used the idea of discerning the weather: “How is it that you so well know how to discern the face of the heavens but are so utterly unable to discern the signs of the times?”.