The results of Peter’s preaching on the day of Pentecost were such as to decide the efforts to proclaim the gospel of the kingdom. Peter was the real founder of the Christian church; Paul carried the Christian message to the gentiles, and the Greek believers carried it to the whole Roman Empire.  For some time the believers in Jesus were a sect within Judaism. 
There were three paramount factors in rapid spread of early Christianity: 
- The choosing and holding of Simon Peter as an apostle.
- The conversion of Saul of Tarsus.
- The preliminary preparation of thirty Romans inadvertently by Jesus.
The triumph of Christianity over the philosophic religions and the mystery cults was due to: 
- The organization.
- The ideal of the life of Jesus.
- Compromises to Mithracism.
- Compromises with paganism.
¶ Abner and Babylonian church
Abner represented Babylonian view instead of Hellenic in early church. 
Abnerian church was centered at Philadelphia. From there the missionaries of the Abnerian version of the kingdom of heaven spread throughout Mesopotamia and Arabia. It was eventually lost in the Islamic movement. 
¶ Paul and Hellenic church
Pauline church had its headquartered at Antioch.  In Antioch Paul’s disciples were first called “Christians.”.  Very soon the believers at Antioch were taking up a collection to keep their fellow believers at Jerusalem from starving. 
Each Jewish synagogue tolerated a fringe of gentile believers, “devout” or “God-fearing” men, and it was among this fringe of proselytes that Paul made the bulk of his early converts to Christianity.  First Roman church had been previously the chief Mithraic temple.  Greek writings determined the drift of Paul’s Christian cult toward the West instead of toward the East.  The moral backbone of the early Christian church consisted of Christianized Greek proselytes to Judaism.  Mithraism was for a time contemporary with, and a competitor of, Paul’s rising cult of Christianity.  During the III century A.D., Mithraic and Christian churches were very similar both in appearance and in the character of their ritual. 
The one great difference between Mithraism and Christianity, aside from the characters of Mithras and Jesus, was that the one encouraged militarism while the other was ultrapacific.  The Christians accepted the empire; the empire adopted Christianity. 
¶ Peter and the church of Jerusalem
Jerusalem was to become the cradle of the early gospel movement.  The early Christian church was largely composed of the lower classes and these slaves. 
The church at Jerusalem organized under the leadership of Peter, and James the brother of Jesus had been installed as its titular head. Matadormus was treasurer, that rich man who initially refused to be part of the group of seventy evangelists.  Fierce persecution against believers in Jerusalem scattered believers to the ends of the earth.  Persecutions againt Christians very much resulted from the use of the term “kingdom”. 
At first they baptized in the name of Jesus; it was almost twenty years before they began to baptize in “the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.  Remembrance Supper originated as a version of Passover ceremony. 
- Paul’s Christianity made sure of the adoration of the divine Christ, but it almost wholly lost sight of the struggling and valiant human Jesus of Galilee. 
- Paul maintained the belief in the doctrine of atonement for sins through the "shedding of blood". 
- Changed the gospel of the kingdom—sonship with God and brotherhood with man—into the proclamation of the resurrection of Jesus. 
- Christianity preached God as Father of Lord Jesus Christ, believer-fellowship with risen Christ. 
- Christ thus became the head of the church rather than the elder brother of each individual believer in the Father’s family of the kingdom. 
- Christian church was built around:
- It was not loyal to the simple spiritual appeal, such as Jesus had presented to the souls of men; it early struck a decided attitude on religious rituals, education and other mores. 
- Elevated the rituals and doctrines of self-abnegation, asceticism, fasting, deprivation, sanctification through sorrow, suffering, and the mortification of the flesh. 
- The great mistakes of early Christianity were incorporation of Persian and Greek thought, connection to Judaism, atonement, and overemphasis on person of Jesus. 
- Paul and his successors partly transferred the issues of eternal life from the individual to the church. 
- It was the general belief that Jesus was the Eternal Son. 
- The Christian concept of the Trinity, which began to gain recognition near the close of the first century after Christ, was comprised of the Universal Father, the Creator Son of Nebadon, and the Divine Minister of Salvington—Mother Spirit of the local universe and creative consort of the Creator Son. Though the Christian concept of the Trinity erred in fact, it was practically true with respect to spiritual relationships. 
- It lacked the moral courage to follow the noble example of Jesus in its subsequent attitude toward women. 
- The idea of having all possessions held in common, that led to disaster. 
- The second coming of Jesus was deemed as near at hand, and when did not happen, began to teach that the kingdom was in reality to appear at the culmination of the Christian age. 
- Paul’s institutionalized church became a virtual substitute for the kingdom of heaven which Jesus had proclaimed. 
- Teachers were much unyielding and uncompromising at Lake Urmia. 
The people and ideas that most influenced the beginnings of Christianity were: