A great volcanic activity was in the European sector. Not in millions upon millions of years had such violent and extensive volcanic eruptions occurred as now took place around the Mediterranean trough and especially in the neighborhood of the British Isles.  Much of western Europe, including the British Isles, was submerged.  Stumps of other and older mountains are to be found all over Great Britain and Europe.  In England the New Red Sandstone belongs to this epoch.  10,000,000 years ago began an age of widespread local land deposits; Much of Europe, at this time, was still under water, including parts of England.  In Europe the ice at various times covered the British Isles excepting the coast of southern England.  England separated from the continent, and Denmark arose from the sea, at the same time isthmus of Gibraltar gave way as the result of an earthquake. 
England, Scotland, and Wales were always fighting each other until they gave up their respective sovereignties, reposing them in the United Kingdom.  In the twentieth century a hero-venerating nationalistic religion appears as radical and nationalistic secularisms in English-speaking peoples.