Augustus tried to destroy.  Contended with Stoicism.  Influenced Christianity.  Mithras supplanted Phrygian, Egyptian mysteries.  Most popular were Cybele and Attis; Osiris and Isis; Mithras.  Nonnational, interracial, personal, and fraternal.  Offered hopes of personal salvation; provided diversion and excitement.  Originated in Egypt and Levant.  Orphic brotherhood was the best.  Pertained to some god’s life, death, and rebirth.  Plunged Greece into intellectual stagnation, moral depravity, spiritual poverty.  Prepared way for Jesus, Christianity.  Secret rites were sometimes gruesome.